Swine flu is viral infection caused by the H1N1 strain of the flu virus. It is so named because this particular influenza virus carries certain structural similarities to a flu virus that affects pigs. Humans can in no way become infected by the virus by having contact with pigs or eating pork, the virus is purely transferred from one human to another.
It can be quite difficult to distinguish between seasonal flu and swine flu symptoms (H1N1). As swine flu also produces symptoms that are quite similar to regular flu such as:
Only a medical professional or a local health authority can confirm a case of H1N1 flu after assessing the swine flu symptoms following a consultation. Pregnant women, people with chronic diseases that affect the kidneys, heart, liver and nervous system, people with diabetes, HIV and people over 65 and under 5 years of age and are vulnerable to this H1N1 flu virus infection. The World Health Organisation, however, recommends that everyone take precautions to prevent the spread of infection.
Treatment and prevention of the H1N1 virus is carried out in 2 ways:
Preventive swine flu treatment works best before you have become infected with the virus. This is best achieved by avoiding close contact with people who show influenza-like symptoms, in addition to strictly adhering to the measures mentioned below:
Swine flu treatment in infected people involves the use of antiviral medicines like Tamiflu that can either be used as preventive swine flu treatment or or as a treatment after a person has been infected. At present, swine flu treatment does not involve the use of vaccines as particular H1N1 vaccine become available for general use yet. Apart from medication, it is best to prevent the spread of germs that cause respiratory illnesses like influenza.
If you find that you are experiencing swine flu symptoms such as unusual tiredness, headache, runny nose, sore throat, shortness of breath or cough, loss of, appetite, aching muscles, diarrhea or vomiting it is advised that you get in contact with a doctor immediately. It can be difficult to tell the difference between seasonal flu and swine flu symptoms (H1N1) without the help of a doctor, so before considering any kind of treatment is best to get the opinion of a professional.
Swine flu UK is past the containment stage and now in the treatment stage.The Health Ministry launched a campaign through the media creating awareness called "Catch it, Bin it, Kill it!" so that the H1N1 virus can be successfully contained and treated. People with and without the virus have been urged to use tissues when they sneeze, dispose of them and then wash their hands. Leaflets advising people about the new H1N1 virus are to be sent to every home in UK. The British government stresses it has enough anti-viral drugs to treat swine flu UK in more than half the population if required.