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Home / Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes causes, symptoms and prevention

Diabetes or diabetes mellitus is a condition that affects millions of people around the world. It's diagnosed when a person's blood sugar levels are too high. The majority of people diagnosed with diabetes have type 2, which is a long-term condition that can be managed with diet and the right treatments.

This disorder is a sign that the body is not able to produce enough insulin or that it isn't responding effectively to the insulin that is produced. It tends to develop in older patients and can be traced back to bad lifestyle choices and diet. It isn't always easy to detect during its early stages, meaning that many people may currently have the condition and not be aware of it.

Dr. Sarah Donald
Dr. Sarah Donald Clinical Lead

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What is type 2 diabetes?

When a person has type 2 diabetes their body is unable to respond effectively to insulin that is produced or the body simply isn't producing enough insulin to effectively monitor blood sugar levels effectively any more.

What causes it?

As already mentioned, it tends to be a lifestyle condition and tends to start affecting people with age, particularly if they aren't following a healthy diet and are not doing enough exercise. It has also been diagnosed in younger people, especially where obesity is a factor.

Genetics can also play a role in the development of the condition. Statistics have shown that you have a one in three chance of developing diabetes if one of your parents has it. It can also be the result of another medical condition, but this is fairly rare.

Are there any symptoms?

Opposed to type 1 diabetes, type 2 symptoms develop slower and less severely. A person may have this condition for years before it actually starts causing a problem, but symptoms to look out for include weight loss, fatigue, increased need to urinate, genital itching, itching of the feet and/or thirst.

If it is not managed, it can eventually lead to heart and blood vessel disease, nerve damage, kidney damage, eye damage, skin conditions and erectile dysfunction in men, to name a few.

Treating type 2 diabetes

A person with this condition will always be advised to make changes to their diet, to ensure that it is healthier and to monitor sugar intake so that the body is able to process it effectively. You may also be advised to avoid drinking and to try and be more active.

In addition to these measures you may also be prescribed a treatment such as Metformin which falls under a group of medicines known as biguanides. These treatments reduce the amount of sugar absorbed from food and helps the body respond better to sugars that are consumed. Alternative treatments may include DPP-4 inhibitors, glitazones, prandial glucose regulators, sulphonylureas and alpha glucosidase inhibitors.

Buying diabetes treatment online

If you are already using a treatment for type 2 diabetes, you are eligible to get a repeat prescription and have your medication delivered to your door with the help of the services offered by 121doc. All orders are checked and approved by a doctor before treatments are shipped from our pharmacy for free next day delivery.

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